Glossary

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Video
 
Voice Slate
Video:

1. Term commonly applied to the visual components of film and television viewing. 2. Denotes the electronic television signals.

Video Village:

A facetious name given to an area on a movie set where a monitor is placed with a grouping of chairs for interested personnel (seated or standing) to watch a shot being rehearsed and/or filmed. This arrangement eliminates the former need to crowd around the camera. See Video Monitor.

Video Assist:

Denotes prerecorded videotape which is played back to an onscreen television set that is being filmed in a scene.

Viewfinder:

The optical instrument through which the director of photography (DP) peers to establish the angle and framing of a particular setup. The instrument is also used by the camera operator during rehearsals to ascertain how the image will be recorded on film, and to ensure the correctness of the camera moves.

Video Monitor:

A small television set that receives its signal from a video camera which is mounted inside the film camera. The monitors -- being used by nearly all the departments -- receive exactly what the movie camera is filming (or rehearsing). See Video Tap; Video Village.

Visual Effects:

Scenes of computer-generated images (CGI) that are intercut with live action performances during principal photography, then computerized digitally in the high-tech editing consoles during post production. The computer-generated scenes are a composite of multi-elemented images using blue and green screen techniques. Most filmmaking today includes some phantasmagorical visuals -- whether it be in feature, television, science fiction, or commercials. Personnel of the visual effects companies usually work with the film production companies. See Special Effects.

Video Playback:

The prerecorded videotape that is projected in a television set being filmed in a scene. Both the recorder and the television set are customized for playback at 24fps, to match the frame rate of a motion picture camera. (The normal Current American television broadcast rate is 30 fps.) See Video Tap; Video Village.

Voice Over (VO):

A voice heard on the screen without the appearance of the speaker. Also referred to as OS; off-camera dialogue.

Video Tap:

A tiny video camera mounted inside the film camera which sees the same image from the lens as the film: its signal is sent by wire or wireless transmitter to video monitors where key personnel can observe the shot being rehearsed or filmed. See Video Monitor.

Voice Slate:

Slate and take numbers spoken (voiced) into the sound mixer's recording panel: Nagra or DAT.